What are cavities? A cavity is a hole that develops when a tooth decays. The decay can cause the hole to grow bigger and deeper. Without proper dental assistance, cavities can cause a toothache, infection and tooth loss. What causes cavities? The cause for the tooth decay is plaque. The plaque bacteria make acidic by-products that eat away at the tooth enamel. Creating holes in the teeth called cavities. There are various foods and drinks that cling to the teeth and are most likely to cause tooth decay. Honey, raisins, candy, dry cereals are major plaque promoters. Receding gums can be another reason as it can form plaque near the roots of the teeth. It is not protected by the tooth enamel and more vulnerable to decay. How can you prevent cavities? To prevent tooth decay and cavities, certain measures should be taken: Thorough brushing and flossing are the first steps that should be taken in preventing plaque buildup. Regular cleaning with the dentists is good to keep plaque buildup at bay. Follow a healthy diet. Avoid sugary food drinks that feed bacteria in the mouth. Use fluoridated toothpaste to prevent mineral loss from the tooth. Addition of fluoride to your water is a good way to protect your teeth from cavities and bacteria. It is very important to fill the cavities to stop the decaying. And it is just a minor process to get your cavity filled. The treatment process starts by giving anesthesia to numb the affected area. Once the area is numb, the dentist will start drilling and removing the signs of tooth decay. The filling material can be selected from cast gold, silver or white composites. It completely depends on the choice of the people as each has its own benefits and risks associated such as cost, durability and even possible health risks. How much does a filling cost? This is a very common question that everyone asks before visiting the dentist. Generally, these filling are an inexpensive and very effective method of restoration. The cost involved in filling a repair may minimize the risk of requiring more costly treatments such as root canal therapy, extraction, and restoration in the future.