Heart is the most important part of human body. With help of four valves, it pumps blood to flow in the right direction at the proper rate. When the heart malfunctions, it directly affects human health and sometimes death occurs. There are several types of diseases which may be occurred in heart or related to it and these are as follows: Aortic valve disease, Mitral valve disease, pulmonary valve disease, and Tricuspid valve disease. Heart diseases also may occur due to other treatment like after total Joint Replacement Surgery, heart complications may occur and it may be occur in two forms: irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), and heart attack, unstable angina, congestive heart failure, or blockage of an artery in the lung, etc. The development of science and technology has changed the world. The technology has developed everything. There is no need to fear with heart diseases. With help of advance technology, replacement of heart valve can be done very easily and the patient can enjoy full recovery. The brain gives electric signals to the heart to work. Heart’s rhythmic pumping is regulated by brain but when any problem occur in valves, the valve replacement surgery is necessary to get rid of this problem. The original valve can be replaced with artificial one. The artificial valves are made up of animal tissue or they may be mechanical, meaning that they are fashioned from a material like metal or cloth. Mechanical valves have longer life, but patients will need to take blood-thinning medication for the rest of their lives. Sometimes if any damage occurs to your valve, the doctors repair the diseased valve using a ring that supports your original one. The artificial valves are made up of plastic or tissue from animal valves. In previous years, the most popular procedure was open heart surgery since there was no any other option to solve this problem than by opening your chest, cutting the breastbone or sternum in half and spreading it apart. But these days there are several options are available. The surgeon makes small incisions in the right side of your chest instead of opening the whole chest cavity. The minimally invasive heart surgery is the best option for anyone. After heart surgery, there are several things which should be cared. Pain is the real things which occur after every surgery, but if patient is supervised with care, the pain can be minimized. You should have healthy diet to aid in recovery. Cardiac hospitals can provide a list of meal planning options. To avoid any type of infection is also admirable and always stay positive, you will recover fast.
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