The spinal cord is made up of nerve cells like neurons and a bundle of essential nerve fibres or axons that transmit signals, to and fro, from the brain. The signals needed to control the movement of limbs and other parts of a human body, emerges from the brain, journeys through the spinal cord (passing through the various nerves) and finally to the muscles of the body. Likewise, sensory pointers are also reverted from various parts of the body, up the spinal cord, sending information about touch (hot/cold) and pressure to the brain. If a person hurts his spine, the spinal cord aborts all its services that deals with the sensations and responses. Spinal cord injuries often occur due to accidents, sports injuries, sudden fall, brutal violence, etc. Such incidents transect or fracture the vertebra, crushing the spinal cord in the process. Some of the other reasons that may lead to a spinal cord injury are: ● Tumours ● Spinal cord stroke ● Central cord syndrome ● Vascular malformations ● Spinal cord haemorrhage ● Transverse myelitis (infections) ● Degenerative orthopaedic causes An injury to the spinal cord can be debilitating and at times even life-threatening. It may lead to the blood getting thrombosis in the veins resulting in muscle spasms, chronic pain, respiratory complications, etc. Can stem cells help in spinal cord injury treatment? Anyone who meets with an accident needs immediate medical evaluation and needs to undergo a number of tests to determine the level of the injury. The post-accident safety measure is focused on physical, occupational and supplementary restoration therapies. Treating spinal cord injury with stem cell therapy is possible with adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are sourced from the bone marrow of the patients and the human umbilical cord tissues that are donated by mothers after normal deliveries. Qualified personnel separate the useful stem cells. The acquired stem cells are subjected to quality testing for bacterial contamination and endotoxin along with a thorough screening process to detach cells having the best anti-inflammatory property, modulating capacity and the ability to encourage regeneration. For spinal cord injury with stem cell treatment, the useful stem cells are administered intravenously by therapists into the patient. The cells are also injected intrathecally (via injection into the spinal canal) that enable the cells to migrate to the area of injury in the spine. Treatment with stem cells has shown improvement in patients with spinal injuries. The patients can hope for the best spinal cord injury treatment at some of the best hospitals like NGBSI in Mumbai. They not only treat them with stem cell, but also teach them a way to survive with their disability.
Spinal Cord Injury And Its Treatment With Stem Cells
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